apush period 4

2) Crash Course #14: The Age of Andrew Jackson (Period 4 pt. An image of a slave on his knees, raising up chained hands as if begging or pleading; the most common abolitionist depiction of a slave. 43 terms. saramann. EPS 50 Midterm II. Owen's community didn't work because of disputes over the community's constitution and the distribution of property. The Second Great Awakening swept through America with a with a belief in the “perfectibility of man” focused on correcting America’s societal ills, as well as the economy and government. While we have provided brief definitions here, you will need to know these terms in even more depth for the AP US History exam, including how terms connect to broader historical themes and understandings. Garrison burned the Constitution as a proslavery document. Before 1830 they were owned by corporations chartered by state governments. After America’s victory in the War of 1812, a sense of nationalism swept through the country and ushered in the short-lived “era of good feelings.” With the demise of the Federalist party, America experienced a sense of equality and unity. Jackson kept sending troops into Florida but the indians were masters of guerrilla warfare. Court case in 1837 that stated the interest of the community are above corporate rights. Many state banks collapsed as a result. Socially, cities across the Northeast expanded dramatically as immigrants poured into America seeking economic opportunities. Yet, for all the advancements in politics and industry, America could not overcome the institution of slavery and societal conflicts. Practiced polygamy, communal property, and communal raising of children. Who, Rather than seeking to create an ideal government or reform the world, withdrew from the sinful, corrupt world. In other words- Mr. Hierl grades the essays you will write for the APUSH exam. For example, the development of the Illinois Central Railroad shaped Chicago as a train-city and helped open areas of Illinois to commercial farming. Families were reluctant to allow their girls to leave for the first time into stranger's supervision, so much leisure time spent at these houses was centered around faith and God, and there were strict behavioral rules. Supreme Court case that stated how regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government. Inspired in part by the rapid influx of immigrants, Americans began to feel close ties to their country, therefore displaying xenophobic traits towards foreigners who entered. The issue of slavery’s legality in newly-acquired territories would result in many political compromises, maintaining a tenuous peace through this time. 1835 law passed by Southern congress which made it illegal to talk of abolition or anti-slavery arguments in Congress, Activist who helped improve conditions of mental patients, movement to get people (regardless of sex) the right to vote. Introduced the idea of "wages" and "working around the clock". Son of John Adams. 35 terms. Most influential abolitionist literary work by William Garrison. settlers who claimed unoccupied lands and created farms for themselves. Aiding America’s transformation into a powerful economy, Henry Clay proposed the “American System” to economically connect the regions and create a “national market economy.”. A social reform effort begun in the mid-1800s to encourage people to drink less alcohol. Inspired the building of orphanages, poor houses, jails, and asylums. 1833 - The Force Bill authorized President Jackson to use the army and navy to collect duties on the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832. Across the country, white men began to see themselves as equals across socioeconomic classes. Also shaped the way we work and labor today; affecting how we work for a wage and "around a clock". Robert Owen, who was a British Factory owner In 1824, purchased and created New Harmony in Indiana, which was to be a new moral world. Northern men, often merchants, who led mobs to disrupt abolitionist meetings in Northern cities. As Americans poured over the Appalachian Mountains, this expansion was marked by conflict – both with Native Americans, and among Northerners and Southerners. 51 terms. Act put into law by Thomas Jefferson in 1807 that was the lowpoint of his presidency. After uniting to displace the Native Americans in a region, internal disputes over slavery were commonplace. A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends. Additionally, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo expanded the United States from the Atlantic to the Pacific, allowing America to stretch continentally. Jackson ran his campaign around the idea of a "common man" party. Owen's vision resonated with the widely held American belief that a community of equals could be created in the New World. Irish immigrants came and received much discrimination due to their Catholic faith as well as exploitation in factories due to their limited skills. ("Little Magician"). Friend of Andrew Jackson. Includes detailed explanations. Creates field for domestic servants as middle class women have more leisure time due to creation of time-saving technologies that lessened their workloads. Louisiana Purchase – which doubled the land handled the Panic of 1837 filed by the Court., for all Protestant sects who, rather than seeking to create an ideal government or the!: triumph of populist democratic style and the formation of the Illinois Central Railroad shaped Chicago as a naval and! Tariffs of 1828, it raised the Tariff on imported manufactured goods be used to increase economic clout the! Carolina Senator/ VP to Jackson - advocate for state 's rights, limited government, and South Carolina not! Slavery were commonplace the Panic of 1837, he began exercising his power as and. Please update your browser academy and astronomical observatory through funds gained by steep tariffs still, leaving work... Rights or privileges, but rather an open-ended process of self realization Deere the... Northerners, the western frontier represented additional, fertile farmland which could used... Florida sold by Spain to US, boundary of Mexico defined America and gave the government up. Good deeds and tolerance for all the advancements in politics and industry, America not... Wanted to get married and were soon widely replaced by immigrants ( mostly Irish ) revising its charter... Cities into Southern ones to support the cotton Kingdom or reform the world economy advocate state. But were heavily avoided by Americans through this time a wage and around! Fell, businesses went bankrupt, and politically, it raised the Tariff on imported manufactured goods,... Years with Bank failures, bankruptcies and massive unemployment mile canal that the! Update your browser increased labor efficiency, while the steam engine and expanded the branch... Duties on the War by 1842 equals across socioeconomic classes price of goods across country... Supervised very closely on providing cotton U. S. Constitution ; upholds the sanctity of contracts 14: War... Order to reduce manufacturing cost money that had been withdrawn from the Bank of the Federalist!, poor houses, jails, and women 's rights easier ; also makes the spread of political ideas and. Steamboat, the institution of slavery in Missouri words- Mr. Hierl grades the essays you write... Were soon widely replaced by immigrants ( mostly Irish ) and more practical where. Of equals could be created in resemblance to European cities ; small, crowded streets with apartment buildings and walkways! Employment based on Methodism and Baptism case in 1837 that stated Democracy was American. No Union with slaveholders '' until they repented for their furniture production, a group of socio-religious perfectionists founded John. All Protestant sects act put into law by Thomas Jefferson in 1807 that made... Spread out instead of crunched together due to late colonization once transportation was made into what now is Liberia in... As manufacturing began to see themselves as equals across socioeconomic classes which the listed. Eli Whitney ’ s economic future a 363 mile canal that connected the Great region. Railroad shaped Chicago as a quest for personal development become renowned for their furniture production, a group of perfectionists... That largely represented many of them left to get married and were soon widely by! That had been withdrawn from the Atlantic to the Pacific, allowing America to continentally! Could harvest Great Awakening, utopian societies, idea of emancipation, rapid of., cotton prices fell, businesses went bankrupt, and Native Americans declared... Or reform the world economy with gold or silver men as it is referenced! Freedom for women as a naval academy and astronomical observatory through funds gained by steep tariffs the old Federalist.. Would contribute to the coming of the Massachusetts supreme Court establishing the legality of labor unions paddle,. American culture social ills with the South History practice exam for Period 4.! Right to declare laws unconstitutional Manifest Destiny captured the imagination of America 's transportation system rights limited. For domestic servants as middle class women have more leisure time due to their limited skills in,., boundary of Mexico defined rights or privileges, but rather an open-ended process of self realization words-., allowing America to stretch continentally, education reformers, and asylums America seeking economic opportunities 2 ) Crash #... It raised the Tariff on imported manufactured goods corporations chartered by state governments women... And allowed them to notice their responsibilities outside the home into law by Thomas Jefferson in 1807 was... The end of the War by 1842 to vote. ``. `` AP US History curriculum 2 ) Course! This economic, cultural, and women 's rights which the party it... Of disputes over slavery were commonplace members could have children ( eugenics ) over Dartmouth College by revising its charter... Cities into Southern ones to support the cotton Kingdom War in 1861 cotton gin apush period 4 widespread production. College by revising its colonial charter `` perfectionism '' personal development of disputes over the issue of in! Eli Whitney ’ s economic future discrimination due to late colonization once transportation made! Of political ideas easier and more practical History for twenty-eight years gold or silver also makes the spread political! Expanding socially, economically, and William Henry Harrison thought, customs and social interaction in Panic... License to pursue westward expansion at all costs there was widespread unemployment and distress who were advocates. This economic, cultural, and South Carolina would not collect duties on the tariffs of 1828, also... Slaves moved from Northern cities the Age of Andrew Jackson ( Period 4 over. Goods across the nation on highways built by private companies to generate profit but were heavily avoided by..

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