2) Crash Course #14: The Age of Andrew Jackson (Period 4 pt. An image of a slave on his knees, raising up chained hands as if begging or pleading; the most common abolitionist depiction of a slave. 43 terms. saramann. EPS 50 Midterm II. Owen's community didn't work because of disputes over the community's constitution and the distribution of property. The Second Great Awakening swept through America with a with a belief in the “perfectibility of man” focused on correcting America’s societal ills, as well as the economy and government. While we have provided brief definitions here, you will need to know these terms in even more depth for the AP US History exam, including how terms connect to broader historical themes and understandings. Garrison burned the Constitution as a proslavery document. Before 1830 they were owned by corporations chartered by state governments. After America’s victory in the War of 1812, a sense of nationalism swept through the country and ushered in the short-lived “era of good feelings.” With the demise of the Federalist party, America experienced a sense of equality and unity. Jackson kept sending troops into Florida but the indians were masters of guerrilla warfare. Court case in 1837 that stated the interest of the community are above corporate rights. Many state banks collapsed as a result. Socially, cities across the Northeast expanded dramatically as immigrants poured into America seeking economic opportunities. Yet, for all the advancements in politics and industry, America could not overcome the institution of slavery and societal conflicts. Practiced polygamy, communal property, and communal raising of children. Who, Rather than seeking to create an ideal government or reform the world, withdrew from the sinful, corrupt world. In other words- Mr. Hierl grades the essays you will write for the APUSH exam. For example, the development of the Illinois Central Railroad shaped Chicago as a train-city and helped open areas of Illinois to commercial farming. Families were reluctant to allow their girls to leave for the first time into stranger's supervision, so much leisure time spent at these houses was centered around faith and God, and there were strict behavioral rules. Supreme Court case that stated how regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government. Inspired in part by the rapid influx of immigrants, Americans began to feel close ties to their country, therefore displaying xenophobic traits towards foreigners who entered. The issue of slavery’s legality in newly-acquired territories would result in many political compromises, maintaining a tenuous peace through this time. 1835 law passed by Southern congress which made it illegal to talk of abolition or anti-slavery arguments in Congress, Activist who helped improve conditions of mental patients, movement to get people (regardless of sex) the right to vote. Introduced the idea of "wages" and "working around the clock". Son of John Adams. 35 terms. Most influential abolitionist literary work by William Garrison. settlers who claimed unoccupied lands and created farms for themselves. Aiding America’s transformation into a powerful economy, Henry Clay proposed the “American System” to economically connect the regions and create a “national market economy.”. A social reform effort begun in the mid-1800s to encourage people to drink less alcohol. Inspired the building of orphanages, poor houses, jails, and asylums. 1833 - The Force Bill authorized President Jackson to use the army and navy to collect duties on the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832. Across the country, white men began to see themselves as equals across socioeconomic classes. Also shaped the way we work and labor today; affecting how we work for a wage and "around a clock". Robert Owen, who was a British Factory owner In 1824, purchased and created New Harmony in Indiana, which was to be a new moral world. Northern men, often merchants, who led mobs to disrupt abolitionist meetings in Northern cities. As Americans poured over the Appalachian Mountains, this expansion was marked by conflict – both with Native Americans, and among Northerners and Southerners. 51 terms. Act put into law by Thomas Jefferson in 1807 that was the lowpoint of his presidency. After uniting to displace the Native Americans in a region, internal disputes over slavery were commonplace. A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends. Additionally, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo expanded the United States from the Atlantic to the Pacific, allowing America to stretch continentally. Jackson ran his campaign around the idea of a "common man" party. Owen's vision resonated with the widely held American belief that a community of equals could be created in the New World. Irish immigrants came and received much discrimination due to their Catholic faith as well as exploitation in factories due to their limited skills. ("Little Magician"). Friend of Andrew Jackson. Includes detailed explanations. Creates field for domestic servants as middle class women have more leisure time due to creation of time-saving technologies that lessened their workloads. 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