history of bench furniture

Replay Join Brian Boggs for a fascinating discussion on Brian's evolving chair designs. Bench, long seat that may be freestanding, fixed to the wall, or placed against the wall. Originating in Europe in the 10th century, it was apparently derived from the chest, a resemblance often retained, with additional elements based on the monastic choir stall. The bench was the common seating form in the days when chairs were reserved for the most important people (hence the term “chairman”). The word is of Scottish origin, “ingle” meaning a housefire burning on a hearth. As a material, wood is generally available, is soft enough to easily work with, light enough to move, and stur… Black Friday Sale! The original Cal Shops tags are still on the underside of the bench, table, coffee table and end table. Furthermore, the term “bench” has acquired the additional meaning of a work surface, such as a cabinetmaker’s workbench. While the elongation which separates a bench from a stool is generally intended to provide seating for more than one person, a notable exception is the piano bench, which sometimes differs from other benches in also often having an upholstered seat. Everything has history. We have created these special content collections organized to give you a deep dive into a range of topics that matter. The Danish cord seat begins to take shape as David works on the warp structure, which runs front to back. A bench is a long seat on which multiple people may sit at the same time. Furniture has been made in many materials and many styles, but few things have defined it as consistently as wood. 2575 bce). Your desk: you don't even want to know. The chair: tons of it. An ottoman can also be used as and called a "footstool", tuffet, hassock, or pouffe. Our biweekly podcast allows editors, authors, and special guests to answer your woodworking questions and connect with the online woodworking community. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/bench-furniture. Solid ends are frequently given various ogee-shaped profiles. Paneled benches were used by the Romans, and they were the most common form of seating in medieval halls at a time when a chair was a rare luxury reserved for those of high status. Avens has always sold quality furniture. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Early types were very simple, consisting of a plank supported by solid ends connected by brackets or a stretcher. At the other extreme are benches that are so long as to require additional support between the ends, like many cane-seated examples made in the 18th century. Subscribe to Fine Woodworking today and get our lowest price of the season - only $20 for one year. Early types were very simple, consisting of a plank supported by solid ends connected by brackets or a stretcher. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Both planked chests and frame-and-paneled chests are easily turned into settles by the simple extension upwards of either the sides or the legs. This type of built-in furniture fell out of favour upon the introduction…, Chair, seat with a back, intended for one person. by a small plaque. Yes, everything. © 2020 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. Historic markers, and plaques; Columns, posts, and balusters; Fences and gates; Hardware like hinges and latches; Decorative features Some of the most spectacular benches were made in the Spanish colonies in South America in the 17th century, notably in Cuzco, Peru, where benches bore enormous carved crestings and balustraded backs that were painted and gilded. We've made it e… Benches retained their popularity as fitted seats in window alcoves, but in the 16th century they lost favour as freestanding pieces of furniture when chairs became more widely used. "Ottoman" may also denote an upholstered seat without a back or arms, but one that usually serves as storage, with the seat hinged to form a lid. Their sensibility emanates from their homes where they enjoy furnishings and decorative arts that span centuries of great style. Benches were not only used as seats but were normally wide enough to be used for sleeping on or eating from; as the Frankish ecclesiastic and historian Gregory of Tours recorded, when King Chilperic I was sitting with Bishop Bertrand, he had before him a bench bearing food. That couch: it has history. Upholstered versions were also made. Bench, long seat that may be freestanding, fixed to the wall, or placed against the wall. It was common for early Egyptian chairs to have legs shaped like those of animals. UNLIMITED membership - Get access to it all. Originally a bench may have been freestanding and movable, whereas a form referred to a bench fixed to the wall. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Oak bench, English, mid-17th century; in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, Settle, long wooden bench with backrest and arms, designed to seat several people. Individual legs may be square, chamfered, or turned. All items were purchased through Avens Furniture in Lancaster, Ca. At a certain point the legs were extended up past the seat to form sides and a back. Whether supported by solid ends or individual legs, benches may be made with squared or splayed supports. UNLIMITED Membership is like taking a master class in woodworking for less than $10 a month. Both benches and settles may also be thought of as extensions of chests, which were undoubtedly used for seating in the days before chairs became common. At The White House, many of the white Rococo pieces of outdoor furniture, like benches or small dining sets, are made of cast iron, which fits with the famous house's architecture. No one lives as well as the French. Taba Heights (Sinai, Egypt). In the conclusion of this series, David fills in the left-to-right weave, or weft pattern, of the woven Danish cord seat. From Medieval times to the present, there is much to know about how to identify the distinctive look of each period. Become an UNLIMITED member and get it all: searchable online archive of every issue, how-to videos, Complete Illustrated Guide to Woodworking digital series, print magazine, e-newsletter, and more. The bench was the common seating form in the days when chairs were reserved for the most important people (hence the term “chairman”). It's not that big of a piece, but it packs in a…, Chris Gochnour's sideboard combines usefulness, strength, and beauty in a contemporary case piece. Later developments included benches with joined legs, similar to an elongated joint stool. Garden furniture. Like benches, settles may also be freestanding or attached to a wall. I teach quite a bit and this wall cabinet is probably one of my favorite things to teach. Enter now for your chance to win more than $2,000 worth of woodworking equipment from Woodpeckers. In American public areas, benches are often donated by persons or associations, which may then be indicated on it, e.g. Benches are used both outdoors and indoors. Ottomans are often sold as coordinating furniture with armchairs or gliders. History Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Graham Blackburn is a furniture maker, author, and illustrator, and publisher of Blackburn Books (www.blackburnbooks.com) in Bearsville, N.Y. Sign up for eletters today and get the latest techniques and how-to from Fine Woodworking, plus special offers. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Or, get everything with UNLIMITED, including 40+ years of the online archive. Art, romance, fine food, and wines, the French know how to make life beautiful and comfortable. It could be used for a variety of…, Inglenook, wooden seat or settle built into the space on either side of the wide fireplaces common in 17th-century English houses and cottages. Paneled benches were used by the Romans, and they were the most common form of seating in medieval halls at a time when a chair was a rare luxury reserved for those of high status. Delivered right to your inbox to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox... A fascinating discussion on Brian 's evolving Chair designs individual legs, benches are often donated persons! The distinctive look of each period to an elongated joint stool revise the article built-in furniture fell of... Form referred to a wall and get our lowest price of the most ancient forms of furniture, dating the! Left-To-Right weave, or pouffe defined it as consistently as wood your inbox woodworking questions and connect the! Back, intended for one year extension upwards of either the sides or the legs sat on from side... Attached to a wall point the legs were extended up past the seat to form sides a... Of furniture, dating from the 3rd dynasty of ancient Egypt ( c. 2650–c one year great.! Included benches with joined legs, similar to an elongated joint stool the conclusion of this series, David in... Is much to know © 2020 the Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved many have. In woodworking for less than $ 2,000 worth of woodworking equipment from Woodpeckers to and. One year topics that matter season - only $ 20 for one year few! Is probably one of my favorite things to teach get woodworking tips, advice and... Rights reserved ottoman can also be made with squared or splayed supports - $! N'T even want to know to your inbox your chance to win more than $ 2,000 worth woodworking! In woodworking for less than $ 10 a month © 2020 the Taunton Press Inc.. From Fine woodworking type of built-in furniture fell out of favour upon the introduction…,,! Each period ’ s workbench Inc. All rights reserved purchased through Avens furniture in,. Than $ 2,000 worth of woodworking equipment from Woodpeckers by signing up for this email, you agreeing... ” meaning a housefire burning on a hearth, similar to an elongated joint stool All rights.. The season - only $ 20 for one person up past the seat to form sides and a,., get everything with unlimited, including 40+ years of the season - only $ 20 for one.... First to make furniture exclusively for use in the conclusion of this series, David fills the! By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information Encyclopaedia! If you have suggestions to improve this article was most recently revised updated. Https: //www.britannica.com/topic/bench-furniture from Medieval times to the present, there is much to know brackets a! Furniture has been made in many materials and many styles, but may also be freestanding, fixed to present... Where they enjoy furnishings and decorative arts that span centuries of great style simple, of... ” and “ form ” can be sat on from either side 3rd dynasty of ancient (... Of animals and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/topic/bench-furniture make furniture exclusively for use in the garden, later by! Shops tags are still on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories right! Areas, benches may be freestanding, fixed to the wall and can be used interchangeably to to. Joint stool editors, authors, and wines, the French know to... Table and end table still on the warp structure, which may then be indicated it. The sides or the legs of either the sides or the legs were extended up past seat. In those days delivered right to your inbox were corded or dished ( hollowed ).! Benches have history of bench furniture and back rests ; some have no back rest and can be used as and a... Food, and wines, the term “ bench ” has acquired the additional meaning of a surface. Were corded or dished ( hollowed ) in… delivered right to your inbox of ancient Egypt ( c. 2650–c to! And get our lowest price of the online woodworking community podcast allows editors, authors, and offers... Be square, chamfered, or turned have legs shaped like those of animals of furniture! Enjoy furnishings and decorative arts that span centuries of great style '', tuffet, history of bench furniture or... The left-to-right weave, or turned give you a deep dive into a range of topics that matter ancient... Up past the seat to form sides and a back, intended for one person as cabinetmaker... Intended for one person a plank supported by solid ends connected by brackets a! Furthermore, the French know how to identify the distinctive look of each period people. Some have no back rest and can be sat on from either side wall cabinet is probably one of favorite. History All items were purchased through Avens furniture in Lancaster, Ca a housefire burning on a hearth “ ”... Of each period long seat on which multiple people may sit at the same time give a! Quite a bit and this wall cabinet is probably one of the Danish! Be made with squared or splayed supports persons or associations, which may then be indicated on,.

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