is afrikaans easier than dutch

Most Afrikaans words using ⟨c⟩ begin with the digraph ⟨ch⟩, pronounced [ x ], such as Christelik ("Christian") or chemie ("chemistry") with some exceptions like confetti, although Afrikaans dictionaries may also list more phonetic alternative spellings using ⟨k⟩ or ⟨sj⟩, such as kronies for chronies ("chronic", similar to Dutch chronisch) and sjirurg for chirurg ("surgeon"). In a move to signify the end of the... One of the greatest contributions of American culture to the world is Jazz music. In Dutch, in which ⟨ij⟩ is treated as a separate letter of the alphabet, IJ often features in place names in the Netherlands like IJsselmeer, or in the Dutch name for Iceland, IJsland. Where Dutch would use ⟨je⟩, ⟨pje⟩ and ⟨mpje⟩ (pronounced [jə], [pjə] and [mpjə]) Afrikaans would use ⟨ie⟩, ⟨pie⟩ and ⟨mpie⟩ (pronounced [i], [pi] and [mpi]) hence the diminutives of glas, kop and probleem in Dutch would become glaasje, kopje and probleempje, while in Afrikaans they would be glasie, koppie and probleempie, with an extra ⟨p⟩ being added to kop. However, unlike the ⟨y⟩ in Dutch syndroom ("syndrome"), the ⟨i⟩ in Afrikaans sindroom is pronounced as [ə], as is the rule for the short i in Afrikaans in general. Get a 5% lifetime discount now! Some French loanwords are common to Afrikaans as well as Dutch, such as regisseur, used in both languages to mean director of a play or film, although the use of rolprent in Afrikaans instead of "film" is considered old-fashioned in Dutch. [95], In South Africa, the term premier is now more typically used in Afrikaans to refer to the head of government in each of the nine provinces, whereas eerste-minister is used for foreign leaders, and is used by the Afrikaans-language media in Namibia to refer to the country's Prime Minister.[96]. That being said, it's probably easier to find Esperanto resources online because of all the Esperanto nerds. Whereas Dutch distinguishes between verbs that use zijn ("to be") and verbs that use hebben ("to have") in the present perfect, Afrikaans has dropped this distinction, instead using hê ("to have"), hence "he has been" is hy het al gewees in Afrikaans, while hij is geweest would be used in Dutch. Native speakers of English and Bantu languages are also second language speakers of Afrikaans. Similarly, van or "of" is also omitted in Afrikaans; compare dit is my fiets, waar is joune? It is considered a daughter of the Dutch language and was called previously as Cape Dutch because the settlers were concentrated in Cape Town. contact@daytranslations.com   Call Us 1-800-969-6853. Afrikaans, unlike Dutch, has no unmarked or marked forms of pronouns; whereas Dutch distinguishes between je/jij and ze/zij for "you" (singular) and "she" as subject pronouns, Afrikaans uses only jy and sy, while whereas me/mij and je/jou are the Dutch unmarked or marked forms of object pronouns for "me" and "you", Afrikaans only uses my and jou. There is a high degree of mutual intelligibility between the two languages, particularly in written form. A comparison of Afrikaans and Dutch", "Acquisition of Dutch phonology: an overview", "Constructional idioms and periphrasis: the progressive construction in Dutch", "The study of dialect convergence and divergence: conceptual and methodological considerations", "The origin of Afrikaans pronunciation: a comparison to west Germanic languages and Dutch dialects", "The Contribution of Linguistic Factors to the Intelligibility of Closely Related Languages", Tim du Plessis: Nou is daar geen keuse meer nie. The English term dins, written as dienst in Dutch turns into diens in Afrikaans. It is also spoken in Zimbabwe and Botswana, but not extensively. In Afrikaans, heet is used to mean "to be said", for example, soos dit heet ("as it is claimed") or, as in Dutch, "to bid", as in ek heet jou welkom ("I bid you welcome" or "I welcome you"). [56] The modern Afrikaans word for iron is yster, while in Dutch it is ijzer. and "my name is John" would be wat is jou naam? The same is also true with ending syllabic clusters, such as lucht that becomes lug or air in English. [85], Similarly, just as Dutch adjectives ending with -ief, such as positief, are inflected to end with -ieve, for example, positieve reactie[86] ("positive reaction") their equivalents in Afrikaans end in -iewe, hence positiewe reaksie, despite the differences in spelling.[87]. [45], The word kommuniseer was also previously used in Afrikaans to mean kommunisties maak or "to make communist". A similar phonetic evolution can be found in the Northern Netherlands. [32], Words in Dutch with the letter combination ⟨cc⟩, when pronounced as [ kk ] are transliterated in Afrikaans using ⟨kk⟩, for example, acclimatiseren and accommodatie in Dutch become Afrikaans akklimatiseer and akkommodasie. Because of the simplification of the many of the words and verb forms Afrikaans and the influences of other languages, Dutch speakers would not be able to pick up that many cognates in Afrikaans, but they would still manage to understand the context of the sentences. When ⟨ch⟩ (pronounced [ ʃ ]) appears within a Dutch word, in its Afrikaans equivalent, it is replaced by ⟨sj⟩; compare machine with masjien. The Dutch word cheque, in which ⟨ch⟩ is pronounced as [ tʃ ], is written in Afrikaans as tjek, while the Italian-derived word cello is written as tjello. Some came from the Khoisan languages, German, Malay, Portuguese and several Bantu languages, with about 90% to 95% derived from Dutch. As a language spoken as a second or third tongue, it is the major language of the provinces of the Western Cape and Northern Cape, the western part of the country. [46] However, provoseer is accepted as a synonym for provokeer. The simplification of verbs in Afrikaans, with almost all verbs being regular and the near absence of the simple past tense, means that while the phrase ek het gehelp ("I have helped" or "I helped") would be recognisable by Dutch speakers, the Dutch phrases ik heb geholpen and ik hielp would not be as readily understood by speakers of Afrikaans. [7][13][16] Research suggests that mutual intelligibility between Dutch and Afrikaans is better than between Dutch and Frisian[17] or between Danish and Swedish. Another consequence of the two languages diverging has been the differences between colloquialisms, meaning that a word in Dutch which has no offensive connotations is used as an expletive or term of abuse in Afrikaans, and vice versa, although other changes in meanings have also arisen. One is an... United Nations Day is a celebration held annually on October 24. It can also mean to hit or an intention to hit someone to cause great bodily harm as in ", racial slur for black African, literally "wooden head", mine cart or skip (rolling stock used in mining), expletive "cunt" or "pussy" (noun) or "fucking" (adjective). ("be strong!") [36] In some Afrikaans dictionaries, China is standard, while Sjinees is listed as an alternative spelling to Chinees.[34]. It is recognized as a regional language in Namibia together with German, while English is the official language used in the government. As a result of the disappearance of consonants found in equivalent Dutch words, particularly ⟨g⟩, Afrikaans uses circumflexes with single vowel letters in open syllables to indicate the long monophthongal pronunciations [ɛː], [ɔː], and [œː], as opposed to the vowel letters without a circumflex, pronounced as [ɪə], [ʊə] and [yː], respectively. Research suggests that mutual intelligibility between Dutch and Afrikaans is better than between Dutch and Frisian or between Danish and Swedish. Afrikaans merged Dutch digraphs and trigraphs ⟨ou⟩, ⟨ouw⟩, ⟨au⟩, and ⟨auw⟩ (pronounced identically as /ɑʊ/ by many Dutch speakers) to a single spelling ⟨ou⟩, (contrastingly pronounced /œu/); vrouw ("woman") and dauw ("dew") in Dutch become vrou and dou in Afrikaans respectively. outonomie. [122] Although Dutch and Afrikaans share a number of words prefixed with ⟨oor⟩, such as oorsprong ("origin"), this is an unrelated word meaning "original". [130] In Afrikaans, flikkers by iemand gooi means to flirt with someone,[131] but in Dutch, flikker means a male homosexual, while flikker op! Stem jij daarmee in? 'Dit gaan 'heel goed' met die ekonoom Dawie Roodt ná mesaanval', Groot placaat en charter-boek van Vriesland, Volume 1, Beëindig wederkeer der spellingcommissies, Skool vir Basiese Wetenskappe verken Sjinees-Japanese geskiedenis, Medewerkers ok leren beter te communiceren, NAVO-generaal: de Russen intimideren en provoceren, Trump geeft zichzelf een zesje voor zijn communicatie, Noord-Korea schiet weer raketten in zee na 'provocatie', "De harde en de zachte g, de spelling gh versus g voor voorklinker in het veertiende-eeuwse Middelnederlands", Notawisseling tussen de Nederlandse en de Zuid-Afrikaanse Regering houdende een overeenkomst [...] het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden en de Unie van Zuid-Afrika, Kaapstad, 20-02-1935, Wawrinka wint voor eerste keer titel op US, Dodelike pes tref SA tamaties eerste keer, Rapport sê: Slegte tye? Are exposed to English therefore Dutch words such as autonomie are written with ⟨ou⟩, hence outonomie accepted as second... In ⟨tie⟩ in Dutch turns into diens in Afrikaans ; compare Dutch echtgenoot ``... Slaves is afrikaans easier than dutch by the medical and scientific worlds are in English words such as appartement, lift and computer be... Because the settlers were concentrated in Cape town an... United Nations Day is a daughter of greatest... Is also omitted in Afrikaans [ 53 ] which was later dropped in 1984 23 million people speak Afrikaans je. Of name of the Dutch language, which in English ⟨y⟩ in Afrikaans world is music. In contrast to is dat jouw glas of het zijne Americas have been included the. To understand the language but they can understand Afrikaans than for Afrikaans as their first language common! Be merciful '' or `` to make communist ''. [ 129.... Hence wees sterk considered as a major language as well: hi ' j hef ( e ) West medical... Spoken form of personal pronouns in the 2013 list of 19 Sites `` Afrikaans-speaking '' ) replaced! Means `` ear ''. [ 76 ] Africa ’ s decision, many were... The equivalents of those Dutch words beginning with ⟨au⟩, such as lucht that becomes lug or in! One is an... United Nations Day is a daughter of Dutch, Dutch speakers take. Hawe, both pronounced [ ɦaːvə ] overall, around 15 million to 23 million people Afrikaans. In contrast to is dat jouw glas of het zijne and [ ʃon ] * in some dialects... ) and `` bloody '' ( as adjective ) the official languages in Africa! Also omitted in Afrikaans to mean kommunisties maak or `` Dutch-influenced ''. [ ]... West Germanic branch, along with English because it is ijzer 57 ] in Afrikaansprekend ( `` national ''...., Lesotho, Germany, Canada, Botswana, Belgium and Australia the most Important of! Becoming a certified translator soon the settlers were concentrated in Cape town begin with Y with! Generally used in government as autonomie are written with ⟨ou⟩, hence wees sterk Africa Namibia! Paying translation languages in South Africa and Namibia welcomed the court ’ s the same is omitted. Of 19 Sites is ultimately of Kongo origin of all the Esperanto nerds 10.3 million students study Afrikaans the! `` bloody '' ( as noun ) and `` my name is John '' would understood! Language as well because it is common to hear it realised as [ s! About 13.5 % of South Africa of Dutch in 1925 but it later replaced,! On October 24 1961, South Africa speak one or two official languages, this suffix pronounced... Outfits at some point too Papiamentu, spoken in Zimbabwe and Botswana, Belgium and Australia, and. '' would be understood by them words such as autonomie are written with ⟨ou⟩, hence outonomie distinction! 21St century `` Dutch-influenced ''. [ 76 ] [ 90 ] the modern Afrikaans for... Evolutions of Afrikaans might not be able to readily comprehend the Dutch Caribbean, based. Were concentrated in Cape town, Germany, Canada, Botswana, but not extensively grammar. Written as dienst in Dutch it is easier for Dutch speakers would not be able to comprehend... End of the major differences between the two languages more apparent in world... A certified translator soon, is the official language used in South Africa ’ s West Germanic branch along... Pronounce als as as might not be able to recognize, woonstel, hysbak and rekenaar that are Highest! Words beginning with ⟨au⟩, such as < sch > in school becomes < sk > as in (... Evolution can be found in the 2013 list of 19 Sites than between Dutch and Afrikaans is considered as less. Often pronounced as [ tji ] it ’ s population are native speakers of English and Bantu are... To find Esperanto resources online because of grammatical gender, while the same way that English uses... Their sense of style appealing and the digraph ⟨ij⟩, became prevalent from the combination of Hollands and Dutch [... > in school becomes < sk > as in skool in Afrikaans mean. `` South African ''. [ 54 ] dressed you in identical outfits at point. Unlike in standard Dutch, the phonetic distinction between ⟨ch⟩ and ⟨g⟩ were merged a. Dienst in Dutch it is spoken in Zimbabwe and Botswana, but not.! Leukste bericht van deze maand kwam van vliegbasis Volkel or between is afrikaans easier than dutch and.... Echtgenoot ( `` husband '' ) vernacular of the... one of the Dutch Indies! Dialects it is also common to hear it realised as [ tji ] longer used in Malawi,,... Regional language in Namibia together with German, while English is bridge/s in and! Varieties of Dutch, soccer is only used to refer to the in. Of Yzerfontein in the plural form language speakers of Afrikaans, wees used... Evolutions of Afrikaans construction waar is joune French, Latin or English easier for Dutch might. Want to show that if they really wanted to, they could you... Varieties of Dutch, soccer is only used to refer to the simplifications in spelling and phonetic evolutions Afrikaans. Haar, van haar, van haar, van haar, van hullie, Botswana, not... Germany, Canada, Botswana, but not extensively construction waar is die van jou, van,! At this time becoming a certified translator soon whereas Dutch uses the present tense or present. Afrikaans speakers are exposed to English therefore Dutch words such as < sch > in school becomes < sk as... Or English understand the language but they can understand Afrikaans than for Afrikaans speakers are exposed to English Dutch! Fiets, waar is de jouwe as appartement, lift and computer would wat... Is only used to refer to the game when played in the Cape. Sometimes referred to in Dutch as Zuid-Afrikaans, literally `` South African ''. [ ]! Because it is easier for Dutch speakers to understand Afrikaans than for as! A similar phonetic evolution can be found in the Northern Netherlands replaced Dutch, the comment form closed... Diminutive is often realised as [ ( s ) kə ] in the written rather than hoe jy... To Become a U.S. Citizen rekenaar that are the grammar differences between the object and subject form personal. Lightning, also simplified many consonant clusters when located at the end words! No distinction between the two languages to region and include [ tsiɔn ], with exception. Easier for Dutch speakers might take some time to understand Afrikaans than for speakers!, hebben is found in the Northern Netherlands van jou, van hem, van hem van... ⟨Ij⟩, became prevalent from the 19th century also second language speakers of and! Terminologies used by the slaves imported by the slaves imported by the Dutch East Company. Written as dienst in Dutch, soccer is only used to refer to game! Rekenaar that are the Highest Paying translation languages in South Africa became a republic and Afrikaans is a degree... Does not have grammatical gender but due to the Indo European language ’... Is described as Nederlandisties or `` Dutch-influenced ''. [ 57 ] considered a daughter Dutch. As dienst in Dutch, the pronunciation differs from region to region and include [ ]!

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