japanese rice varieties

[4] As of 2005, two varieties of Japanese rice were in consideration for standardization of the contract. It is sold in Japanese supermarkets, but it can also be made at home. I am a Japanese, was born and grew up in Japan. There are over 40,000 varieties of rice. A Premium Rice from Japan’s North Country. Also included in this list are varieties of African rice (Oryza glaberrima) and wild rice (genus Zizania). Required fields are marked *. It takes less time to cook than brown rice but retains more of the vitamins than white rice. Rice has been cultivated in Japan for over 2000 years and it is Japan's most important crop with many varieties. If you recall from our previous post, you probably understand why rice is so important in this c… Ordinary Japanese rice, or uruchimai (粳米), is the staple of the Japanese diet and consists of short translucent grains. After cooking, rice may also be held in a covered wooden box called an ohitsu. The Dojima Rice Market in Osaka was the first known futures market, with trading in rice contracts established sometime around 1730. Black rice is almost always sold as a whole grain, with the outer layer of bran intact, making black rice technically a type of brown, or unrefined, rice. Yamada Nishiki is the most famous cultivar grown specifically for sake. In recent years, Koshihikari rice is also being grown in the US and Australia. Haigamai – Half Milled Rice Haigamai is half milled rice, so it is basically between white and brown rice. Japanese rice varieties. Some high-end rice cookers have a GABA rice setting to automate the process. Musenmai (無洗米), or no-wash rice, is white rice which has been further processed to remove a sticky coating called the hada nuka (肌糠), or skin bran, which normally must be removed by rinsing the rice prior to cooking. Besides regular rice, some farms are growing heirloom varieties of rice. It is used in sushi (寿司) and onigiri. The rice cooker can also keep rice moist and warm, allowing it to remain edible for several hours after cooking. Rice - Overview. It is the number of short-grain cultivars of Japonica rice including ordinary rice and glutinous rice. Terraced rice fields cover many rural hillsides and are relatively small due to mountainous terrain and government controls on farmland consolidation. Glutinous rice, known in Japan as mochigome, is used for making mochi (餅), the festive red bean and rice dish sekihan, as well as traditional snacks such as senbei (煎餅), arare (あられ), and agemochi (揚げ餅). Then in the nineteenth century, the major effect was to breed varieties of rice that could withstand the harsh climate and diseases that were particular to the northern part of the island and Honshū as well as Hokkaidō---the regions that are known today as the primary rice-producing regions of the country. This guide will cover how to cook Japanese white rice. Brown rice is also consumed in its unpolished state, often for its health benefits, but it is considered a specialty. Then, before cooking it is usually soaked in water for between half an hour in summer, and two hours in winter. In Japan, rice is an important part of both the country’s culture and its cuisine—so much so that not only is it typically served with every meal, but the meal times are also actually referred to as “morning rice” (asa gohan), “lunch rice” (hiru gohan), and “dinner rice” (ban gohan). The kernel is four to five times longer than it is wide. Red Cargo. Contemporary cultivation of rice in Japan is characterized by high mechanization, intense cultivation, and a shortage of farmland. Here is some regular rice cooked with a handful of the kodaimai mix. In 2005, the Tokyo Grain Exchange announced that it would create a futures contract on rice with trading starting in the summer of 2006. When cooked, the rice is fluffy, with separate kernels. Currently there are about 600 varieties of rice registered domestically in Japan, and about 260 varieties are produced as a staple food. Rice is one of the most special crop for Japan people. Most Japanese use suihanki (rice cookers) to which measured amounts of washed rice and water are added. In order to fulfill self-sufficiency goals in Japan and to support domestic rice producers, the Japanese government enforces quotas and high tariffs on foreign rice. Most rice in Japan is processed and consumed as white rice, the staple food of Japan. In Japan, rice is used to make a wide variety of foods, including rice crackers, also known as senbei. I can say public organizations are main players in rice breeding in Japan. It is also known as GABA rice, as the germination process greatly increases its gamma-Aminobutyric acid content. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Soaking times also depend on the quality and freshness of the rice. The rice is made by removing the outer layer of bran, but leaving the … Japanese people are concerned about the rice harvested year and polished date, they are sure printed on the rice packages. I guess by now we are familiar with the overwhelming benefits of eating rice so go ahead and indulge on the different rice dishes you can get your hands on.However there are so much more about the rice types in countries like Japan. Outside Japan it is sometimes labeled sushi rice, as this is one of its common uses. A Japan-based team of biological scientists has developed a new rice variety through genetic improvement in an attempt to increase crop yields in a salty paddy field. The Tokyo Grain Exchange was founded in 1952 in the same location as the Kakigaracho Rice Trading Exchange, established in 1874. Coin-operated automated rice polishing machines, called seimaijo (精米所), for polishing brown rice, are a common sight in rural Japan. However, when the Japanese arrived in 1895, they brought a different variety called japonica, which is short-grained and starchy, the kind of rice widely consumed in Japan, Korea, and northern China. The first type of rice is uruchimai 粳米, known as the Japanese short grain rice or ordinary rice or Japanese rice in short. They grow mostly in the Philippines, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, central and southern China, and African countries. Sasanishiki is a cultivar known for keeping the same taste when cooled down. Figure shows the value of agricultural production in 2017. yen). It is also used to produce sake. There are lots of rice varieties in Japan. by Diganta Talukdar - Rice cultivation in India. Today there are a number of different types of rice that are consumed in Japan. Major rice variety KOSHIHIKARI Many rice varieties are released in Japan. When cooked, it has a sticky texture such that it can easily be picked up and eaten with chopsticks. It may also be used for making a kind of pickle called nukazuke (ぬかづけ), as an organic fertilizer, and in livestock feed. The black rice turns the white rice purple. In the land of sushi, rice is the name of the game. Most modern rice cookers include a cooking-delay timer, so that rice placed in the cooker at night will be ready for the morning meal. Show detail for districts/prefectures. However, the trading of these futures contracts has been postponed to an unspecified date since it has not been approved by the Japanese government. Indica rice. The rice grain, which has a shiny sheen, is more sticky than other varieties as it has a higher starch content. And 481 varieties are now on the list. The team, led by the National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, has said it succeeded in finding a gene that determines the angle of root growth, hoping the discovery will lead to more new rice varieties amid … Plain rice is used in yōshoku dishes such as curry rice, omurice, and doria. The rice is then boiled using a ratio of about five parts of water to four parts of rice – though with fresher rice, the ratio can go down to 1-to-1. While there are several types of rice available in Japan, when people talk about Japanese rice, they’re usually referring to white rice, or haku-mai (白米). Salt is not added to the rice. Every country has its own varieties because of the differences in the way of planting and many environmental conditions such as temperature, water and soil. [5], Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Japanese Consumers Reconsidering Rice Loyalty", Full list of rice varieties and cultivars, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Japanese_rice&oldid=974808536, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 August 2020, at 04:10. It is a well-known variety of Japanese rice. Rice is such an important part of Japanese culture that it was once used as currency. Japan has been popular in cultivating the highest quality of rice over the years and they still maintain to provide the optimum variety of this grain. Of those, Koshihikari (コシヒカリ) … In this article, we will talk about Japanese Rice which is popular for the food consumption. Rice is an extremely important ingredient in Japanese cuisine. And we can buy various kind of rice at a supermarket. Examples of simple breakfast dishes include plain rice mixed with raw egg and optional soy sauce, known as tamago kake gohan, and plain rice with nattō. Many rice varieties are released in Japan. Black rice, also known as purple rice or forbidden rice, can refer to more than 20 varieties of rice high in anthocyanin pigment, the same antioxidant pigment that gives eggplants and blackberries their deep color. Hatsuga genmai (発芽玄米) is brown rice that has been soaked in heated water until germinated. Plant Variety Protection - PVPO at MAFF, JAPAN. Ok, so we already know about the different rice types such as white, brown, red, black and even mixed. Here is a list of the recommended rice brands and some tips on choosing rice from the “five star rice master’s” point of view. Each of the variety has its own characteristics and flavors, too. Growers want to produce good rice, no matter the location or era. Vegetable includes many kinds of plants but rice is only rice. Nuka, or rice bran, is popular in Japan and other parts of Asia, which is great because then no part of the grain is wasted. Uruchimai is also used to make alcoholic drinks like sake (日本酒), and sometimes shochu, as an adjunct in Japanese beer, and to make rice vinegar. For Japanese cuisine, you can find 2 basic forms of rice that are prevalent and both are considered short grain cultivars of Japonica rice. I am not a native English user. Koshihikari (コシヒカリ) is a particularly esteemed cultivar and one of the most commonly grown in Japan. I wrote that red carnations are popular gift on Mother's Day. In Hokkaidō, Japan's northernmost prefecture, hardier cultivars such as Oborozuki and Yumepirika have been developed to withstand the colder climate. "cooked rice" or "meal of any sort") consumed as part of a typical washoku meal accompanied by several okazu dishes (おかず), tsukemono (various pickles), and miso soup. Japanese government want to boost rice consumption and a governmental research institute developed a new rice variety for baking bread. Rice begins as brown rice, genmai (玄米), which may then be polished by a machine (精米機 seimaiki), in which case it is sold as ready-polished or white rice, hakumai (白米). Can bake gluten free bread with rice powder and yeast. It doesn’t stick to the pot when cooked. Leftover plain rice is often reused as ochazuke (茶漬け) (rice with green tea) or chāhan (チャーハン) (fried rice). The photo above is a closeup of a mixed bag of such 'kodaimai' or ancient rice varieties. June 21st is Father's Day in Japan. The two japonica varieties favored by the Japanese are akita komachi and koshihikari. There are no hard and fast rules for which type of U.S.-grown rice to use in any particular recipe; it’s simply a matter of personal preference. LONG GRAIN. Calrose is the name used originally for a medium-grain Japonica cultivar developed in 1948, and now as a generic term for California medium grain Japonicas. Indica rice varieties grow well near the equator. The Dojima Rice Market in Osaka was the first known futures market, with trading in rice contracts established sometime around 1730. Brown rice is usually sold in 30 kg bags, which may be generally polished by the consumer in a coin-operated polishing machine, or in smaller bags in supermarkets intended for eating as brown rice. Uncooked brown rice grains are mixed with green tea leaves and used to brew a kind of tea called Genmaicha (玄米茶) (brown rice tea). Sake is made from sake rice. Ordinary rice, or uruchimai, is eaten in several ways in Japan, most commonly as plain rice "gohan" (ご飯, lit. Classification: crops; Related Crops: Wetland rice, Upland rice: Representative Prefectures: Hokkaido, Iwate-ken, Miyagi-ken, Akita-ken, Yamagata-ken, Fukushima-ken, Ibaraki-ken, Tochigi-ken, Chiba-ken, Niigata-ken. In fact, they ranked 9th as the world’s largest rice producers and currently has over 60 rice brands to choose from. In 2005, the Tokyo Grain Exchange announced that it would create a futures contract on rice with trading starting in the summer of 2006. There are so many kinds of senbei it can be overwhelming to choose just one. As a matter of fact, there are varieties of rice in the world. Your email address will not be published. And we can buy various kind of rice at a supermarket. That’s the rice you use to make sushi, rice balls and everyday Japanese dishes. Akitakomachi is also quite popular. These rice crackers are available in a wide range of flavors and textures, and are as popular as potato chips in America. Haigamai is rice that has been partially milled to remove most of the bran but leave the germ intact. Long grain rice has a long, slender kernel three to four times longer than its width. As a result, most rice consumed in Japan is domestically produced. The by-product of the polishing process, rice bran (米ぬか komenuka) is used commercially as the source of rice bran oil. When cooked it is even stickier than regular Japanese rice and is commonly pounded into rice cakes, made into sweets, or used in rice dishes such as sekihan (glutinous rice with red beans). If you consider just crops, the top 10 varieties occupy almost 80% of the total crop area. Japonica rice varieties are, for the most part, short- to medium-grained, with very little overt aroma and a distinctly sticky texture when cooked, due to their relatively high amylopectin content. There is Hakumai white rice. Some prefectures in Japan even come up with specialty senbei that is very different from ordinary senbei. I guess that Japanese language is too unique to translate automatically, so it is difficult for people can not understand Japanese language to get real information about Japan. I work in agricultural field and introduce Japanese agriculture in English. A new brand of rice from Hokkaidō, the northernmost of Japan’s four main islands, made its nationwide debut in the fall of 2011. In addition, many carefully selected products with limited production areas are also sold. This rice is characterized by its sweetness and strong stickiness. Glutinous rice, known in Japan as mochigome (もち米), is used for making mochi (餅) and special dishes such as sekihan. Rice Varieties. Senbei 101: From History to Varieties of Japanese Round Rice Crackers. Although japonica rice is grown around the world, levels of consumption pale in comparison with the worldwide consumption of indica varieties. It is widely planted nationwide. It has a softer texture than ordinary brown rice and a pleasant fragrance. Hitomebore is a short-grain variety of Japanese rice developed from Koshihikari and bred in the Miyagi prefecture. The three top-ranking rice is currently 山形県産つや姫 (Yamagata Kensatsuyahime) 、 魚沼コシヒカリ新潟県 (Uonuma koshihikari Nigata-Ken) 、 北海道産ななつぼし (Hokkaido Sannanatsuboshi) respectively and 新潟県コシヒカリ (Niigata-Ken Koshihikari) tying with 千葉県ふさおとめ (Chiba-Ken Fusaotome) at fourth place. Prepared rice is usually served from the rice cooker into a chawan, or rice bowl. KOSHIHIKARI is the most popular rice variety, it … The most common variety is the Koshihikari rice (or koshi rice), a white, polished short grain which is used in almost everything from sushi to chirashi bowls. While not true Japanese rice, Calrose-type rice has been grown by Japanese American producers in California for many years. KOSHIHIKARI is the most popular rice variety, it is grown 35% of total rice area in Japan. However, price increases in recent years have led a small but increasing number of Japanese consumers and restaurants to seek out the small amount of less-expensive rice imported from China, Australia, and the United States that is available in Japan. It is a short-grain rice, and can be distinguished from uruchimai by its particularly short, round, opaque grains, its greater stickiness when cooked, and firmer and chewier texture. "If you choose a Basmati or Doongara rice, they are low GI, whereas some of the other white rices are higher in glycemic index," Austin said. In bento boxes it is often served with a topping of furikake (ふりかけ), a single umeboshi, or a sheet of nori (海苔). Three of the biggest selling varieties of rice in Japan are Sasanishiki, Akitakomachi and, perhaps most popular of all, Koshihikari which accounts for almost 40% of domestic rice production. This market ceased with economic controls in 1939. The rice polishing machines typically polish a 10 kg amount for 100 yen. Asian rice (Oryza sativa) is most widely known and most widely grown, with two major subspecies (indica and japonica) and over 40,000 varieties. It is also exported to a number of countries including Japan, although it has not gained much popularity with Japanese consumers. Takikomi gohan is made with ordinary rice which is cooked together with vegetables, meat, or fish seasoned with dashi and soy sauce. Japan Grain Inspection Association has tested rice quality in harvested season since 1971. It is commonly used to prepare Japanese cuisine in North America, and is reasonably good as a sushi rice. A Japan-based team of biology scientists has developed a new rice variety through genetic improvement in an attempt to increase crop yields in a salty paddy field. [2] However, the trading of these futures contracts has been postponed to an unspecified date since it has not been approved by the Japanese government.[3]. Glutinous Rice (also known as mochi rice or sticky rice) is the second most common variety of Japanese rice. This market ceased with economic controls in 1939. The Japanese palate has been known to be very particular about rice since cultivating the highest quality of rice in all of the world has long been Japan’s pride. Niigata products are especially popular. After this, it is steamed until the centre of the rice becomes soft. The manufacturing process involves tumbling the rice in a tube for a short duration, causing the bran to stick to the sides of the tube.[1]. White rice comes in short-grain (for example, Aborio), medium-grain (Japanese-style) and long-grain (Basmati, Jasmine and Doongara), and for each of these varieties, the glycemic index differs. 971 varieties have been registered since 1981. The rice is first washed to release excess starch. The yield amount of Rice in Japan is decreasing by 9.1% from 2006 to 2018, and the acreage is decreasing by 12.9%. Measures for boosting food-service industry, “Go To Eat campaign”, Korea National Open University Industry Academic Cooperation Foundation. International classification has divided rice into four major categories which includes Indica, Japonica, Aromatic and Glutinous. So much so that there are about 300 varieties of Japanese rice. Japanese rice refers to a number of short-grain cultivars of Japonica rice including ordinary rice (uruchimai) and glutinous rice (mochigome). On the other hands, Japanese Sake is one of the most popular gift on Father's Day. Tribune Desk Published at 06:40 pm September 21st, 2020 A farmer drives a combine harvester to harvest the rice in a paddy field field surrounding the City of Toyota Stadium in Toyota City on September 27, 2019 AFP. It is a popular brand rice that occupies 1/3 of the domestic cultivation area. You can understand how special rice is for Japanese people! Senbei is simple, tasty, and due to its wide range of variety, can be enjoyed on every occasion. Rice is 19% and vegetable is 26% of the total (92,724 Bill. Your email address will not be published. Most supermarkets in Japan sell ready-polished rice in 10 kg, 5 kg, and smaller bags. Japanese scientists develop salt-resistant rice variety for ocean farming. Its name means “love at first sight” in Japanese, which has consequently seen it become the second most popular rice in Japan due to its frequent use in sushi or Japanese curry. Like brown rice, this long-grain variety from Thailand has only its outer husk removed, giving it a reddish-brown hue and more nutrients than white rice. Here’s a quick guide to the many types of U.S.-grown rice, with endless menu possibilities!

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